The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Faith (Belief) consists of more than sixty branches
(i.e. parts). And Haya (This term "Haya" covers a large number of
concepts which are to be taken together; amongst them are self
respect, modesty, bashfulness, and scruple, etc.) is a part of
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ الْعَقَدِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " الإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسِتُّونَ شُعْبَةً، وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ "
A man asked the Prophet (ﷺ) , "What sort of deeds or (what qualities of)
Islam are good?" The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, 'To feed (the poor) and greet
those whom you know and those whom you do not Know (See
Hadith No. 27).
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ خَالِدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي الْخَيْرِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَىُّ الإِسْلاَمِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ " تُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ، وَتَقْرَأُ السَّلاَمَ عَلَى مَنْ عَرَفْتَ وَمَنْ لَمْ تَعْرِفْ "
Chapter: To like for one's (Muslim's) brother what one likes for himself is a part of faith
باب مِنَ الإِيمَانِ أَنْ يُحِبَّ لأَخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his
(Muslim) brother what he likes for himself."
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم.
وَعَنْ حُسَيْنٍ الْمُعَلِّمِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " لا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لأَخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ "
who took part in the battle of Badr and was a Naqib (a person heading
a group of six persons), on the night of Al-'Aqaba pledge: Allah's
Apostle said while a group of his companions were around him, "Swear
allegiance to me for:
1. Not to join anything in worship along with Allah.
2. Not to steal.
3. Not to commit illegal sexual intercourse.
4. Not to kill your children.
5. Not to accuse an innocent person (to spread such an accusation
6. Not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do good deed."
The Prophet (ﷺ) added: "Whoever among you fulfills his pledge will be
rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in any one of them (except the
ascription of partners to Allah) and gets the punishment in this
world, that punishment will be an expiation for that sin. And if one
indulges in any of them, and Allah conceals his sin, it is up to Him
to forgive or punish him (in the Hereafter)." 'Ubada bin As-Samit
added: "So we swore allegiance for these." (points to Allah's
Chapter: To flee (run away) from Al-Fitn (afflictions and trials), is a part of religion
باب مِنَ الدِّينِ الْفِرَارُ مِنَ الْفِتَنِ
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "A time will soon come when the best property of a Muslim will be sheep which he will take on the top of mountains and the places of rainfall (valleys) so as to flee with his religion from afflictions."
Whenever Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) ordered the Muslims to do something, he used
to order them deeds which were easy for them to do, (according to
their strength and endurance). They said, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! We are not
like you. Allah has forgiven your past and future sins." So Allah's
Apostle became angry and it was apparent on his face. He said, "I am
the most Allah fearing, and know Allah better than all of you do."
Chapter: The grades in superiority of the believers will be according to their good deeds
باب تَفَاضُلِ أَهْلِ الإِيمَانِ فِي الأَعْمَالِ
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "When the people of Paradise will enter Paradise and
the people of Hell will go to Hell, Allah will order those who have
had faith equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken
out from Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will be
blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river of Haya'
(rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to which is the
right term), and they will revive like a grain that grows near the
bank of a flood channel. Don't you see that it comes out yellow and
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "While I was sleeping I saw (in a dream) some
people wearing shirts of which some were reaching up to the breasts
only while others were even shorter than that. Umar bin Al-Khattab was
shown wearing a shirt that he was dragging." The people asked, "How
did you interpret it? (What is its interpretation) O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)?"
He (the Prophet (ﷺ) ) replied, "It is the Religion."
Chapter: (The Statement of Allah Jalla Jalalahu) "But if they repent [by rejecting Shirk (polytheism) and accept Islamic Monotheism] and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat then leave their way free."
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: "I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against
the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), and offer the prayers
perfectly and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform that,
then they save their lives and property from me except for Islamic laws
and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done by Allah."
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) was asked, "What is the best deed?" He replied, "To
believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad). The questioner then
asked, "What is the next (in goodness)? He replied, "To participate in
Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah's Cause." The questioner again
asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To perform Hajj
(Pilgrim age to Mecca) 'Mubrur, (which is accepted by Allah and is
performed with the intention of seeking Allah's pleasure only and not
to show off and without committing a sin and in accordance with the
traditions of the Prophet)."
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) distributed (Zakat) amongst (a group of) people while
I was sitting there but Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) left a man whom I thought the
best of the lot. I asked, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! Why have you left that
person? By Allah I regard him as a faithful believer." The Prophet (ﷺ)
commented: "Or merely a Muslim." I remained quiet for a while, but
could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him.
And then asked Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), "Why have you left so and so? By
Allah! He is a faithful believer." The Prophet (ﷺ) again said, "Or merely
a Muslim." And I could not help repeating my question because of what
I knew about him. Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said, "O Sa'd! I give to a person
while another is dearer to me, for fear that he might be thrown on his
face in the Fire by Allah."
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَامِرُ بْنُ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ سَعْدٍ، رضى الله عنه أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَعْطَى رَهْطًا وَسَعْدٌ جَالِسٌ، فَتَرَكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَجُلاً هُوَ أَعْجَبُهُمْ إِلَىَّ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا لَكَ عَنْ فُلاَنٍ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَرَاهُ مُؤْمِنًا. فَقَالَ " أَوْ مُسْلِمًا ". فَسَكَتُّ قَلِيلاً، ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَعْلَمُ مِنْهُ فَعُدْتُ لِمَقَالَتِي فَقُلْتُ مَا لَكَ عَنْ فُلاَنٍ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَرَاهُ مُؤْمِنًا فَقَالَ " أَوْ مُسْلِمًا ". ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَعْلَمُ مِنْهُ فَعُدْتُ لِمَقَالَتِي وَعَادَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ قَالَ " يَا سَعْدُ، إِنِّي لأُعْطِي الرَّجُلَ وَغَيْرُهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ مِنْهُ، خَشْيَةَ أَنْ يَكُبَّهُ اللَّهُ فِي النَّارِ ". وَرَوَاهُ يُونُسُ وَصَالِحٌ وَمَعْمَرٌ وَابْنُ أَخِي الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ.
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of
its dwellers were women who were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they
disbelieve in Allah?" (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied,
"They are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the
favors and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have
always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees
something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I have never
received any good from you."
At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was wearing a cloak, and his slave,
too, was wearing a similar one. I asked about the reason for it. He
replied, "I abused a person by calling his mother with bad names." The
Prophet said to me, 'O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his
mother with bad names You still have some characteristics of
ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under
your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed
him of what he eats and dress him of what he wears. Do not ask them
(slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so,
then help them.' "
While I was going to help this man ('Ali Ibn Abi Talib), Abu Bakra met
me and asked, "Where are you going?" I replied, "I am going to help
that person." He said, "Go back for I have heard Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
saying, 'When two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords,
both the murderer as well as the murdered will go to the Hell-fire.' I
said, 'O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! It is all right for the murderer but what
about the murdered one?' Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "He surely had the
intention to kill his companion."
Chapter: Dhulm (wrong) of one kind can be greater or lesser than that of another
باب ظُلْمٌ دُونَ ظُلْمٍ
When the following Verse was revealed: "It is those who believe and
confuse not their belief with wrong (worshipping others besides
Allah.)" (6:83), the companions of Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) asked, "Who is
amongst us who had not done injustice (wrong)?" Allah revealed: "No
doubt, joining others in worship with Allah is a great injustice
(wrong) indeed." (31.13)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Whoever has the following four (characteristics)
will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has one of the following four
characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and
until he gives it up.
1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays.
2. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
3. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous.
4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and
Chapter: Al-Jihad (fighting tn Allah's Cause) is a part of faith
باب الْجِهَادُ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "The person who participates in (Holy battles) in
Allah's cause and nothing compels him to do so except belief in Allah
and His Apostles, will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward,
or booty (if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is
killed in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found it difficult for my
followers, then I would not remain behind any sariya going for Jihad
and I would have loved to be martyred in Allah's cause and then made
alive, and then martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred
in His cause."
Chapter: It is a part of faith to establish the (Nawafil — voluntary) prayers during the nights of Ramadan
باب تَطَوُّعُ قِيَامِ رَمَضَانَ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: "Whoever establishes prayers during the nights
of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain
Allah's rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " مَنْ قَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ "
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens
himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So
you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and
receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength
by worshipping in the mornings, the afternoons, and during the last hours of the nights." (See Fath-ul-Bari, Page
102, Vol 1).
When the Prophet (ﷺ) came to Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers
or maternal uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing
Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he
wished that he could pray facing the Ka'ba (at Mecca). The first
prayer which he offered facing the Ka'ba was the 'Asr prayer in the
company of some people. Then one of those who had offered that prayer
with him came out and passed by some people in a mosque who were
bowing during their prayers (facing Jerusalem). He said addressing
them, "By Allah, I testify that I have prayed with Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
facing Mecca (Ka'ba).' Hearing that, those people changed their
direction towards the Ka'ba immediately. Jews and the people of the
scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet (ﷺ) facing Jerusalem in
prayers but when he changed his direction towards the Ka'ba, during
the prayers, they disapproved of it.
Al-Bara' added, "Before we changed our direction towards the Ka'ba
(Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been killed and we
did not know what to say about them (regarding their prayers.) Allah
then revealed: And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be
lost (i.e. the prayers of those Muslims were valid).' " (2:143).
Chapter: (What is said regarding the superiority of) a person who embraces Islam sincerely.
باب حُسْنِ إِسْلاَمِ الْمَرْءِ
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al Khudri:
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "If a person embraces Islam sincerely, then Allah shall forgive all his past sins, and after that starts the settlement of accounts, the reward of his good deeds will be ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and one evil deed will be recorded as it is unless Allah forgives it."
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "If any one of you improve (follows strictly)
his Islamic religion then his good deeds will be rewarded ten times to
seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded
as it is."
Chapter: Ad-Din (good, righteous deed - act of worship) loved most by Allah Jalla Jalalahu is that which is done regularly. (And in fact the best religion with Allah is Islam)
باب أَحَبُّ الدِّينِ إِلَى اللَّهِ أَدْوَمُهُ
Once the Prophet (ﷺ) came while a woman was sitting with me. He said, "Who
is she?" I replied, "She is so and so," and told him about her
(excessive) praying. He said disapprovingly, "Do (good) deeds which is
within your capacity (without being overtaxed) as Allah does not get
tired (of giving rewards) but (surely) you will get tired and the best
deed (act of Worship) in the sight of Allah is that which is done
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Whoever said "None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a
barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: "None has
the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith)
equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And
whoever said, "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has
in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken
out of Hell."
Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in
your Holy Book Which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been
revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed
as a day of celebration." 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is that
verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your religion For
you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as
your religion." (5:3) 'Umar replied,"No doubt, we know when and where
this verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet (ﷺ)
was standing at 'Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)"
A man from Najd with unkempt hair came to Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) and we heard
his loud voice but could not understand what he was saying, till he
came near and then we came to know that he was asking about Islam.
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "You have to offer prayers perfectly five times
in a day and night (24 hours)." The man asked, "Is there any more
(praying)?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "No, but if you want to offer the
Nawafil prayers (you can)." Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) further said to him: "You
have to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan." The man asked,
"Is there any more fasting?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "No, but if you
want to observe the Nawafil fasts (you can.)" Then Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
further said to him, "You have to pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)."
The man asked, "Is there any thing other than the Zakat for me to
pay?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "No, unless you want to give alms of
your own." And then that man retreated saying, "By Allah! I will
neither do less nor more than this." Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "If what he
said is true, then he will be successful (i.e. he will be granted
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ أَبِي سُهَيْلِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ طَلْحَةَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ أَهْلِ نَجْدٍ، ثَائِرُ الرَّأْسِ، يُسْمَعُ دَوِيُّ صَوْتِهِ، وَلاَ يُفْقَهُ مَا يَقُولُ حَتَّى دَنَا، فَإِذَا هُوَ يَسْأَلُ عَنِ الإِسْلاَمِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم " خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ فِي الْيَوْمِ وَاللَّيْلَةِ ". فَقَالَ هَلْ عَلَىَّ غَيْرُهَا قَالَ " لاَ، إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَوَّعَ ". قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " وَصِيَامُ رَمَضَانَ ". قَالَ هَلْ عَلَىَّ غَيْرُهُ قَالَ " لاَ، إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَوَّعَ ". قَالَ وَذَكَرَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الزَّكَاةَ. قَالَ هَلْ عَلَىَّ غَيْرُهَا قَالَ " لاَ، إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَوَّعَ ". قَالَ فَأَدْبَرَ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَزِيدُ عَلَى هَذَا وَلاَ أَنْقُصُ. قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " أَفْلَحَ إِنْ صَدَقَ ".
Chapter: To accompany the funeral processions (up to the place of burial) is a part of faith
باب اتِّبَاعُ الْجَنَائِزِ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "(A believer) who accompanies the funeral
procession of a Muslim out of sincere faith and hoping to attain
Allah's reward and remains with it till the funeral prayer is offered
and the burial ceremonies are over, he will return with a reward of
two Qirats. Each Qirat is like the size of the (Mount) Uhud. He who
offers the funeral prayer only and returns before the burial, will
return with the reward of one Qirat only."
"Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) went out to inform the people about the (date of the)
night of decree (Al-Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two
Muslim men. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "I came out to inform you about (the
date of) the night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so and so and so
quarrelled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and maybe it
was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th, the 9th and the 5th
(of the last 10 nights of the month of Ramadan)."
One day while the Prophet (ﷺ) was sitting in the company of some people,
(The angel) Gabriel came and asked, "What is faith?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
replied, 'Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with
Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection." Then he further
asked, "What is Islam?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "To worship Allah
Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory
charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan."
Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan (perfection)?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)
replied, "To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot
achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is
looking at you." Then he further asked, "When will the Hour be
established?" Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) replied, "The answerer has no better
knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its
1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing
with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the Hour is
one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.
The Prophet (ﷺ) then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge
of the Hour--." (31. 34) Then that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet (ﷺ)
asked his companions to call him back, but they could not see him.
Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said, "That was Gabriel who came to teach the people
their religion." Abu 'Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all
that as a part of faith.
I was informed by Abu Sufyan that Heraclius said to him, "I asked you
whether they (followers of Muhammad) were increasing or decreasing.
You replied that they were increasing. And in fact, this is the way of
true Faith till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you
whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his (the Prophets)
religion (Islam) became displeased and discarded it. You replied in
the negative, and in fact, this is (a sign of) true faith. When its
delight enters the heart and mixes with them completely, nobody can be
displeased with it."
Chapter: The superiority of that person who leaves all doubtful (unclear) things for the sake of his religion
باب فَضْلِ مَنِ اسْتَبْرَأَ لِدِينِهِ
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
I heard Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) saying, 'Both legal and illegal things are
evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and
most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves
himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor.
And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who
grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else
and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every
king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal
(forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if
it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets
spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.
Chapter: To pay Al-Khumus (one-fifth of the war booty to be given in Allah's Cause) is a part of faith
باب أَدَاءُ الْخُمُسِ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ
Narrated Abu Jamra:
I used to sit with Ibn 'Abbas and he made me sit on his sitting place.
He requested me to stay with him in order that he might give me a
share from his property. So I stayed with him for two months. Once he
told (me) that when the delegation of the tribe of 'Abdul Qais came to
the Prophet, the Prophet (ﷺ) asked them, "Who are the people (i.e. you)?
(Or) who are the delegate?" They replied, "We are from the tribe of
Rabi'a." Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said to them, "Welcome! O people (or O
delegation of 'Abdul Qais)! Neither will you have disgrace nor will
you regret." They said, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! We cannot come to you
except in the sacred month and there is the infidel tribe of Mudar
intervening between you and us. So please order us to do something
good (religious deeds) so that we may inform our people whom we have
left behind (at home), and that we may enter Paradise (by acting on
them)." Then they asked about drinks (what is legal and what is
illegal). The Prophet (ﷺ) ordered them to do four things and forbade them
from four things. He ordered them to believe in Allah Alone and asked
them, "Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?" They
replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better." Thereupon the Prophet (ﷺ)
said, "It means:
1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and
Muhammad is Allah's Messenger (ﷺ).
2. To offer prayers perfectly
3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)
4. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.
5. And to pay Al-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's
Then he forbade them four things, namely, Hantam, Dubba,' Naqir Ann
Muzaffat or Muqaiyar; (These were the names of pots in which Alcoholic
drinks were prepared) (The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned the container of wine and
he meant the wine itself). The Prophet (ﷺ) further said (to them):
"Memorize them (these instructions) and convey them to the people whom
you have left behind."
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intention
and every person will get the reward according to what he has
intended. So whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle, then his
emigration was for Allah and His Apostle. And whoever emigrated for
worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what
he emigrated for."
I heard Jarir bin 'Abdullah (Praising Allah). On the day when
Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba died, he (Jarir) got up (on the pulpit) and
thanked and praised Allah and said, "Be afraid of Allah alone Who has
none along with Him to be worshipped.(You should) be calm and quiet
till the (new) chief comes to you and he will come to you soon. Ask
Allah's forgiveness for your (late) chief because he himself loved to
forgive others." Jarir added, "Amma badu (now then), I went to the
Prophet and said, 'I give my pledge of allegiance to you for Islam."
The Prophet (ﷺ) conditioned (my pledge) for me to be sincere and true to
every Muslim so I gave my pledge to him for this. By the Lord of this
mosque! I am sincere and true to you (Muslims). Then Jarir asked for
Allah's forgiveness and came down (from the pulpit).